Sept 23rd 1864
On board U S Ship Colorado, Portsmouth N.H.
Permit me to
call you by the name of friend
as it is a long time since
you refused to let me call
you by a name which was
far dearer. But I will not
say any thing about what
has been. As I am in the
Navy for one year I thought
I would like to open
correspondence with some
one and for that purpose
have written to you. I will
not write any more this time
but will wait an answer
from you to know weather
my request is granted or
not. My health is good and
I present here a letter from Eben N. Higley, formerly of the 27th Maine, and now in the US Navy, stationed in Portsmouth Harbor during September of 1864. He writes the following to his "friend" Julia:
Below is a clipping from the 1860 South Berwick, Maine census (pg 23), showing Ebenezer (Eben) Higley in the household of Walter Abbott. At the time, he was a 17-year old cordwainer. Also here is mill operative "Annie West", age 18, who is probably the person Eben was asking about in his letter to Julia. As the letter mentions she had been married, she may be the Annie W. West who married Nahum G Tripp on 15 May 1864 in Kennebunkport [they were divorced in 1866]
In this same census year for So. Berwick, there is a Julia Bennett, age 14, living in hh of Robert Fernald with several mill operatives. This household, numbered 155/175, is only four homes away from the above record, so it seems probable these two women are the ones in Eben's letter. Julia may have been the one who married George Bragdon in North Berwick in 1871, both of them from Wells [Annie W (West) Tripp, at the time of her divorce, was also in town] .
Eben (or Ebenezer) Higley had served in the Navy as a landsman in 1861, enlisting on 1 June for one year, and served until 9 July 1862. After his time in the 27th Maine, he reenlisted into the Navy, serving from 30 Aug 1864 to 6 July 1865. He was listed as a coal heaver. After the war, he became a machinist and an inventor, and lived in Somersworth, NH, where he died in 1920. He had a wife and three daughters (1 died young).
"Of the age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty-five years" was part of the law by which all* able-bodied white male citizens were required to enroll in their state militias. The President called forth this militia on the 4th of August, 1862, ordering the members in each community to gather and draft enough men needed to fill the quota required of them. In lieu of this, volunteers were allowed to enlist, to avoid any draft from being needed.
One of those volunteers, enlisting for the quota of Lebanon, Maine, was Millett Blaisdell, who signed off as being 18 years of age. His father said otherwise.
Thomas Blaisdell, with attorney William Emery, Esq. of Lebanon, petitioned the court for the discharge of his son Millett from the 27th Maine, as he was underage at the time of his enlistment. The case won on the 20th of Oct, Millett was sent home, while the regiment marched out of camp to board the trains for the south.
He turned 18 six days later.
Private Blaisdell was not the only underage volunteer in the 27th Maine, just the only one that was caught and discharged. Among the others:
William Bail [Co. C], born 1846 [on grave]
Richard W (aka Whitney R) Carpenter [Co. B], born Oct 1847 (age 15 in Sept '62)
William H Carpenter [Co. B], born July 1845 (age 17)
John W Center [Co. K], b. ca Dec 1846 [Soldiers Home file; 1900 census]
John W Earl [Co. B], died 18 Oct 1862, aged 16 yrs, 9 mos, 21 das [grave]
Walter A Gowen [Co. F], b. 17 Apr 1846 (aged 16 1/2 when enlisted)
Charles Guilford [Co. C], b. 4 Oct 1845
Anthony Jackson [Co. I], b. 18 Jan 1845 (17 1/2 in Sept '62)
Roscoe Jewell [Co. H], b. ca 4 Dec 1846 [calc from age at death; census recs]
Frank Mildram [Co. D], b. 18 Nov 1845 [grave; Nov '46 on 1900 census]
Robert Philbrick [Co. E], b. ca 30 Dec 1846, based on age at death (15 in '62)
Charles T Smith [Co. F], b. 7 Apr 1846 (age 16 at enlistment)
Horace Taylor [Co. I], b. 1846 [grave] or Mar 1848 [1900 census, prob error]
Frederick L Willey [Co. G], b. ca Jan 1846 (died Mar 1867, aged 21 yrs, 3 mos)
[There are likely others that I have yet to record, so this list may need to be amended in the future]
*There were exemptions to the militia enrollment, including those in positions within the government and the courts, religious preachers and followers (shakers and quakers), and men who held key occupations that ran the communities (such as postal workers and ferryman). See the book Militia Laws of the State of Maine (Google Books)
This 1862 bible was presented to Horatio W Trefethen of Kittery, Maine, who was a private in Company G (of the 27th Maine Infantry), by Isaac D Phillips. As can be seen in the photograph of the inscription on the inside cover, both the company letter and regiment number had yet to be assigned when this book was distributed. Horatio probably was the one who added his own middle initial, as well as the "G" for his company, though he wrote the "27" in the wrong spot.
Isaac Deering Phillips, a Kittery resident, was town clerk in the 1850's, employed as a cooper and retail grocer, and was a Justice of the Peace. His gravestone lies in the First Baptist Church Cemetery in Kittery Point, and is engraved with "Dea" for deacon, presumably a position he held at the church in 1862, when this bible was given out. It is not known (at this time) how many bibles were given out, or if they were handed out (by Phillips) to only those parishioners of this particular church, or if Mr. Trefethen was even a member.
Inside the bible was found a newspaper clipping, a poem titled "Heaven", by Martha Remick. She was a Kittery resident, the daughter of Rufus and Sally (Cram) Remick, who was a poet and author. Many poems of hers were printed in various newspapers in Maine and New Hampshire (usually the religious ones), but I did not find the exact issue this writing was clipped from.
Individual page on this site for Horatio W Trefethen
On December 9th, 1862, John H. Came wrote home to his sister, Miss Eliza C. Came, of West Buxton, Maine. He was a 1st Lieut. in Company C, 27th Maine. He died while serving in this regiment, on 16 Jan 1863, from typhoid fever. His body was returned home, and buried in the family cemetery in Buxton. He didn't marry.
Above is an 1861 map of Washington and Alexandria. Lieut Came wrote from Camp Seward, which was located somewhere along Arlington Heights. Bailey's Crossroads and Munson's Hill, where Co. C had done picket duty, is highlighted to the left of map. Camp Casey, where Lt Came would pass away in Jan 1863, was located south of Fairfax Seminary, northwest of Alexandria. Camp Vermont, where the regiment had spent the latter part of December '62, was just south of red arrow marked at bottom of map.
Sister Eliza C Came, daughter of Abraham L and Annis (Green) Came, was born 1833 in Buxton. She never married, and died in 1885. She is buried in the Came family cemetery.
"Warren" is referring to Joseph F Warren, also of Co C, who was 2nd Lt. at the time of this letter writing. Following John Came's death, he became 1st Lt (and later captain, when John Hill was promoted to major).
"Sam Davis" - I believe this is Samuel L Davis of Standish, Maine, who was captain of Co K, 25th Maine Infantry. He was "discharged for incompetency" on Dec 8th 1862 [according to ME archives index card].
There is also has some newer writing along the top that erroneously listed John's death as "Dec 16th", instead of Jan 16th.
Page 1 (closing part of letter)
Frank C Came, of Co B, the fellow from York, was indeed Charles Came's son. I haven't trace their ancestry to see if or how closely related they may have been.
The Find a Grave entry for: John H Came (with grave photo):
While researching the pay rates of the various positions within an infantry regiment during the Civil War, I found an excellent reference book, published in 1863. It is the "Army Pay Digest and Ready Calculator; or, Regimental Pay Table" by Major Ezra Webb (available on Google Books HERE). As this pay scale was established by G.O. No 126 in September 1862, these would be the numbers under which the men of the 27th Maine were paid.
This first table (from page 13) lists the field and staff officers:
Filling the staff positions for the 27th Maine were:
Colonel: Rufus P Tapley (later Mark Wentworth)
Lieut-Col: Mark F Wentworth (later James Stone)
Major: James M Stone (later John D Hill)
Adjutant: Edward M Rand
Quarter-Master: Lewis O'Brien
Surgeon: John E L Kimball
Ass't Surgeons: Freeman Hall, Charles M Cross (app't in Feb '63)
Chaplain: Otis F Russell (position not filled until Jan 1863)
Sgt-Major: Calvin L Hayes
Qr-Master Sgt: John Hall (later Horace H Burbank)
Com. Sergt: William H Tapley (later Cyrus G Marr)
Hosp Steward: Ivory M Hodsdon
The "servants" were enlisted men pulled out of the companies, and can be seen listed in the monthly reports under the "extra or daily duty" section. They served as cooks, hostlers (horse caretakers), and clerks for the officers.
This second table (pg 14) shows the structure on a company level.
According to the company organization, each unit could have a maximum of 101 men (not including servants, which were pulled from the enlisted). This total was used as the base number to calculate how many "recruits required" were needed per company, and recorded on a monthly report. Below is one of the monthly reports (January 1863), showing the number of men in each company, and those that were required. The circled "29" was the number of serviceable horses available, which had been 31 (this included field/staff and those used by the wagoners).
The following is a letter written by Horace Pennell, who was a private in Company C. At first I thought it was addressed to a "Brother Danl (for Daniel)", but now believe the name is Darl, short for Darling [Huntress Chadbourne], his brother-in-law. Darling's brother Francis T Chadbourne, and a first cousin James M Chadbourne, were also in the 27th Maine, but in a different company than Horace, and may be those mentioned in the letter. In the closing, respects to "Mother", "Lizzy" and "Mellie" are written, and are likely referring to Darling's mother, wife and his sister Melvina. A Sam and David are also mentioned, but I didn't see any close family relations with those names.
There was no puncuation throughout the letter, and I didn't add any to the transcription. It is interesting that there is a piece cut off from page three, removing about three lines of writing. Was this done by someone who inspected the outgoing mail, perhaps an officer within the 27th Maine? Maybe Lieut Warren himself!
Horace Pennell, the son of James and Jane (Berry) Pennell, was born 27 May 1819 in Buxton, Maine. He enlisted from Hollis at age 43, his occupation listed as a michanic(sic), though he usually worked as a carpenter. Some time after the war, he moved out west, settling in Meeker County, Minnesota. In 1901, just a few months prior to his death, he moved to Flint, Michigan, to live with his daughter Clara. He died on 10 Aug 1901 in Flint, and was buried there in Avondale Cemetery.
He was married to Elizabeth "Lizzie" Ann Chadbourne in 1852, and they had two children, Clara E Pennell (who married John E Andrews), and Horace E Pennell (who was married to Mary Nye).
The three thousand volunteer recruits who marched into Camp Abraham Lincoln in September of 1862, the future men of the 27th, 25th, and 23rd Maine Infantry Regiments, came from all walks of life, from farmers and fishermen, to peddlers and lawyers. Among them were many students, some recently graduated and those currently enrolled in secondary schooling. There were a dozen from the 27th Maine who listed themselves as students on their enlistment papers.
In the following article, printed in the Lewiston Journal on Oct 15th 1862, it was written that many former and current students of the Maine State Seminary [in Lewiston, Maine; later became Bates College] had gathered within the camp on the 11th, to form the "Maine State Seminary Camp Club". Here, they planned to occasionally gather and have discussions, "declamations and other exercises". They also agreed to have their proceedings published in the Lewiston Journal. I found this interesting, as the three regiments were already mustered in, and plans were being made for them to be shipped out shortly. Indeed, they were all marching to Washington, DC within a week of this being printed. As many soldiers were on furlough home finalizing their plans while they were to be away, perhaps the students decided to pass these last days in camp together, and joined in the educational activities they had put on hold while serving their country.
I did not find any other mention of the Club in later issues of the Lewiston Journal.
At the end of the article was written a P.S.: "There are at Camp Lincoln about thirty students who have at some time attended school at the Seminary". From their catalogues, and from using Civil War records, I found most of those 30 who were likely part of this "Camp Club". My interest being in those of the 27th Maine, I believe the five names below is a complete list.
From the 27th Maine:
James Allen Bedell of South Berwick, Cpl [attended classes in '57; later non-grad Class of 1866, Bowdoin College]. Died on 20 Dec 1862 while in service.
Josiah Chase Jr of York, pvt, Co E [Class of 1870]
Pliny Fisk Drew, pvt, Co A [non-grad of Bowdoin College, Class of '66]. Died 19 Jan 1863 while in service.
Frederick Hayes of Berwick, 2nd Lt; formerly a Sgt, 5th Maine
Joseph Frank Warren of Hollis, 2nd Lt/1st Lt, and Capt [Class of '62]
From the 23rd Maine:
Henry M. Bearce, 1st Lieut, Co D; later in 32nd ME [Class of 1859]
John Edward Cutter, Pvt, Co E [on '63 Seminary Advocate list with Winfield below; I found them in the Maine Wesleyan Sem. student list, but not the State Sem catalogues]
Winfield B Cutter, Cpl, Co E
Joseph Hewett Freeman of Poland, 2nd Lt, Co G
Arthur Given Jr of Wales, pvt [Class of 1867]
Amos Hadley of Lewiston, pvt, Co A
Frank Haven Hall of Mechanic Falls, Cpl, Co H
John M Jackson, pvt, Co A; later served in 32nd ME
Moses M Libby, pvt [listed as being w/ this reg't, I did not find a record of this]
George Mellen Park, 1st Lt, Co F (he resigned before muster) [Class of '62]
Virgil P Richards of Roxbury, pvt, Co H; later served in Navy
Joseph Rounds of Danville, Sgt, Co G; later Capt, Co A, 14th ME [non-grad, Class of 1868]
Albion Thorn of Canton, 1st Lt, Co C [Class of '58]
Oscar M Tucker of Peru, Sgt
E. Mellen Wight of Gorham, NH, 1st Lt, Co B; later 1st Lt, Invalid Corps
Henry E Wood, pvt, Co A
From the 25th Maine:
Hanson M. Hart, pvt, Co A
Lewiston Evening Journal, 15 October 1862
Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Maine State Seminary, Lewiston, year ending Nov 13, 1862 (on Ancestry)
Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Maine State Seminary, Lewiston, for y/e 11/25/1863 (on HathiTrust.org)
Maine State Archives Collection (on Family Search)
In the June 4th, 1926 issue of the Biddeford Weekly Journal, a small article was written after Memorial Day, listing those Civil War soldiers from Biddeford and Saco currently living, that were members of the GAR posts from those cities. As there were several men from the 27th Maine included, I am sharing the article here.
GRAND ARMY VETERANS
OF BIDDEFORD AND SACO
Men who served in the Civil War and who still uphold
the banners of the Grand Army of the Republic as mem-
bers of the posts in Biddeford and Saco, make a roll of
honor which is of particular interest in connection with the
observance of Memorial Day in the two cities.
The list of the men now living has been compiled as follows:
Nathan W. Kendall, born Mar 30, 1845. Enlisted in Co. E, 12th Maine Reg Volunteers, Infantry, Oct 1861. First discharged Dec, 1863. Re-enlisted. Finally discharged Apr, 1866.
Peter Brackett, born Mar 4, 1838. Enlisted in Co. B, Apr 1861, in 5th Maine Volunteer Infantry. First discharged Feb, 1864. Re-enlisted. Finally discharged June, 1865.
Fred G. Scott, born Apr 12, 1850. Enlisted in Co. K, 32nd Maine Infantry, in Mar, 1864. Discharged Dec, 1865.
Charles H. Townsend, born Dec 9, 1846. Enlisted in Co. E, 12th Maine Reg Volunteer Infantry, in 1864. Discharged Apr, 1866.
Nahum Pillsbury, born Oct 1, 1843. Enlisted in Co. I, 17th Maine Reg, Volunteer Infantry. Discharged Oct, 1863.
Frank C. Staples, born May 2, 1849. Enlisted in Co. K, 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry in Sept., 1864. Discharged July, 1865.
George Tarbox, born May 9, 1844. Enlisted in 27th Maine Infantry in Sept., 1862. Re-enlisted in Co. H, 1st D.C. Cavalry. Discharged Aug., 1865.
James Wood, Dover, N.H., born Sept. 30, 1834. Enlisted Nov., 1861, in Co. B, 12th Maine Volunteer Infantry. Discharged Aug., 1866.
Levi G. Foss, born Aug. 2, 1847. Enlisted in Co. G, 31st Maine Volunteer Infantry, in Feb. 1864. Discharged July, 1865.
Daniel Knight, born Jan. 24, 1845. Enlisted in Co. I, 3rd Maine Infantry, in July, 1863. Discharged in November, 1865.
Alphonzo E. Libby, born Nov. 1, 1846. Enlisted in Company F, 25th Infantry Volunteer, Sept. 10, 1862. Discharged July 11, 1863.
Peter J. Farley, born Dec. 23, 1846. Enlisted Mar. 29, 1864, in Co. B, 1st New Hampshire Cavalry. Discharged July 15, 1865.
Joseph Wildes, born Feb. 14, 1844. Enlisted in 6th Maine Battery, Light Artillery, in Mar., 1862. Discharged Apr. 11, 1864.
Walter A. Gowen, born Apr. 17, 1846. Enlisted Co. F, 25th(sic - should be the 27th) Maine Volunteer Infantry, Sept., 1862. Discharged in July, 1863.
Simon S. Andrews, born Nov. 13, 1840. Enlisted Nov. 15, 1861, in Co. K, 13th Reg. Maine Volunteer Infantry. Discharged Aug., 1865.
Orlando Dow, born 1841. Enlisted in Brigade band of the First Division as musician in Oct., 1864. Discharged 1865.
Irving W. Mason, born Apr. 26, 1843. Enlisted in May,1861, in Co. B, 3rd Regiment, Vermont Volunteer Infantry. Re-enlisted in 1864 in Co. C, Massachusetts Infantry. Discharged in 1865.
Steve McDonald, born May 24, 1843. Enlisted Sept., 1861, in the 22nd Mass. Regiment, Co. I. Discharged the latter part of November, the same year.
King Hill, born Dec. 10, 1844. Enlisted Apr. 9, 1864, in Co. H, 32nd Maine Regiment. Discharged July 15, 1865.
Ernest E. M. Vinton. Enlisted Jan. 18, 1865, in Co. H, 29th Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry. Discharged Jan. 17, 1866.
George A. Willett. Enlisted in U. S. Navy, Aug. 16, 1864. Discharged June 5, 1865.
John B. Stowe. Enlisted July 27, 1862, in the 9th Massachusetts Battery. Discharged July 10, 1865.
Richard L. K. Grant. Enlisted in 5th Battery, 1st Maine Regiment.
Uranius Stacy. Enlisted in Co. A, 27th Maine Regiment of Infantry. Re-enlisted in 39th Regiment.
Hiram Dolby. Enlisted Mar. 24, 1862, in Co. B, Engineer Battery. Discharged Mar. 24, 1865.
Moses E. Lowell. Enlisted Sept. 10, 1862 in 27th Maine Regiment of Infantry. Discharged July 17, 1863. Re-enlisted Sept. 13, 1864, in the 5th Battery of Maine Volunteers. Discharged July 6, 1865.
Nicholas Emery Jeffries, born June 21, 1843. Enlisted Sept. 20, 1861, in Co. A, 10th Maine Regiment. Honorably discharged Oct. 22, 1863.
Note: In 1926, the U.S. Grant Post #143, and the Sheridan Post #28, both located in Biddeford, were still active. The Fred Gurney Post of Saco (#36), in operation in 1919, seemed to be defunct by 1926.
Link to 1926 article (on Google newspapers)
On June 3rd, 1927, the list of living GAR members were published again in the Biddeford Weekly Journal (linked here). This time, it was a full page article, AND included photos of the veterans. There were three additional men added to the end of the list:
Nathan Lane, Jr., born Nov 10, 1836. Enlisted in Company K, Ninth Maine Regular Volunteers, on Sept. 10, 1861. First discharged Dec. 12, 1863. Reenlisted in same company, December 12, 1863. Finally discharged Sept. 19, 1865.
Frank J. Leavitt, born March 22, 1843. Enlisted June 2, 1862, in Company F., 16th Maine Regiment. Discharged June, 1865.
Lewis Percy, born December, 1843. Enlisted February, 1864, in Company I, Second Maine Cavalry. Discharged December, 1865.
A necrology followed, listing four of the GAR members who had died since the '26 list was written.
Peter Brackett, died April 4, 1927.
Simon S Andrews, died January 21, 1927.
George A Willett, died July 14, 1926.
James Wood, died in 1926.
On June 1st, 1928, the GAR list and soldiers' photos were again published in the Biddeford Weekly Journal (linked here). A necrology followed for those who died during the year: Fred G. Scott, Charles H. Townsend, Steve McDonald, and Peter Marcille (new to list, he had served in the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery).
On May 31, 1929, the list and photos were accompanied with a list of Kennebunk and Kennebunkport veterans, with their photos (link here). Peter J Farley and George Tarbox had both died during the prior year. A new member of the local GAR, George E Herring of the 5th NH Infantry, had also died (on July 30, 1928).
Unfortunately, the available issues of the Biddeford Weekly Journal ended there on Google Newspapers. Walter A Gowen of the 27th Maine, dying in 1941, may have been the last member of the GAR for Biddeford and Saco.
While nearly 900 of the volunteers raised to fill the regiment that became the 27th Maine were residents of York County, only 676 (data from the descriptive rolls) were actually born there. 26 were foreign born, over half of those had come from neighboring Canada. Eight of the men in the unit were from Ireland and, with today being Saint Patrick's Day, I thought I'd write a bit about them.
PHILIP BANFIELD was from Cork, Ireland, immigrating here in 1852 or 1856. His residence was listed as Sanford, Maine when he enlisted in 1862. Following his service with the 27th ME, he re-enlisted with the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry and, after the war, also served in the 1st US Cavalry and the 4th US Infantry, leaving in 1871. He may have lived in New York for a short time, but was admitted into the National Soldiers Home system in 1881, transferring between their several branches. He was last at Togus, Maine by 1911, but died while in Boston, MA on 31 Oct 1912. Perhaps he was absent from the Soldiers Home at this time, as he wasn't buried back there, but instead at Tewksbury, MA. I have yet to find his grave location. All records (except for the death rec) show him as single.
JAMES BURNES (BURNS, BYRNES) was born in Ireland, circa 1844-1847. He was living in Biddeford, Maine when he enlisted but, the city having more volunteers than required of their quota, joined on behalf of Kennebunkport. The Veteran Schedule puts him at Boston, MA in 1890, and he filed for a pension from Mass the following year (it was never certified). Considering his address of "36 Northfield St" in 1890, the Boston street directories show a "James F Byrnes" at this location, a plasterer in 1880, and listed from 1882 to 1894 as a mason. A man of that name died in Boston at that same address, on 13 Nov 1893, aged 46 yrs, a plasterer. I believe this is the correct man. His burial place was not listed.
MICHAEL CARY (CAREY), born in County Galway in 1843, arrived in Boston, MA in 1855, and was living in Biddeford by the 1860 census. Following his time with the 27th Maine, he reenlisted with the 20th Maine, serving from 30 Aug 1864 to 15 June 1865. He was an inmate of the Togus Soldiers Home from 1879 to 1892, when he was discharged at his own request. He may be the Michael Carrey boarding in Augusta in 1900, and could be the Michael J Carey who died in Sidney on 23 July 1901, aged 54, as it says (in error) that he was born in Biddeford, the son of John. The WPA Maine Veterans Cemetery Records says he was the one who died in 1920 and was buried in Portland, but I believe that to be in error.
PATRICK CRANN (CRAM, CRAMM) was from County Roscommon, Ireland, born in 1829. He arrived in New York City on 15 June 1846, moved soon after to Biddeford, Maine, and became naturalized in 1858. His wife was Catherine Connelly, who he married ca 1858. After his service, he moved with his wife and several children to Fall River, MA, where he worked in a cotton mill. He may have separated from his wife, or went elsewhere for work, as he is not seen with his family in Fall River after the 1870 census (wife Catherine was listed in street directories there until her death in Apr 1889). Patrick filed for a pension in Sept of 1889, from New York state, and is seen in Waterford, NY in the 1892 NY State census and the 1900 census. He died 11 Nov 1906 and is buried in the Waterford Rural Cemetery, with a veteran stone (Find a Grave).
JAMES KERWIN (KIRWAN) was born ca Sept 1845, immigrating here in 1862 (according to the 1900 census). He seemed to only live in Biddeford, ME a short time, as he moved to Lawrence, MA following his return from his 27th Maine service. He reenlisted with the 2nd Mass Heavy Artillery in Nov '63, but deserted a month later while in Providence. He may have just remained in state, as he was living in Lincoln, RI by 1880. He later lived in Central Falls and Pawtucket, the latter place where he died on 15 Sept 1911. He was buried in Mt St Mary Cemetery in Pawtucket. His wife was Bridget Maloney, who he married ca 1867 (33 yrs in 1900). They had nine children.
JOHN MEALY (MALEY, MALIA), though the 27th Maine Descriptive Rolls list him as being born "at sea", was probably born in Ireland, as all other records state. The 1900 census lists his immigration as 1853, and he was in Portland, Maine by 1860. He enlisted from there for the quota of Eliot, Maine and, after returning from his nine-month service, would reenlist with the 32nd Maine Infantry in Feb 1864. He was wounded that summer at Petersburg, VA, but was not discharged until March of 1865.
Census records seem to show that he had a first wife Hannah and several children (the 1910 census does say he was married twice) while in Portland, but he was in Lewiston by 1880 with a wife Bridget (Pendergrast), whom he married ca 1870 and had four children with. They returned to Portland by 1890, and he was living there when he died on 7 Sept 1910. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery, South Portland.
THOMAS STEADFAST was born in Bandon, County Cork, Ireland ca 1836, and arrived at New York in April 1843. He was living in Biddeford, ME when he became a citizen of the US in 1858. He moved to Portland by 1862, and was working there as a barber when he enlisted on 14 Oct as a substitute for a Limington, Maine "volunteer". After the war, he moved with his wife Eliza Ann (who was previously married and had a daughter Harriet) and son Thomas to Boston, MA. He died there from heart disease on 25 July 1882, aged 45 yrs. His death was also recorded in Portland, where it said he was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Deering. Records of that cemetery do not list him (or any other Steadfast).
On 8 Feb 1864, General Order No 12 required that two regiments of infantry (the 31st and 32nd Maine Volunteers) be raised in Maine and organized by the first of March, in Augusta. Col Mark F. Wentworth, former commander of the 27th Maine, was chosen to lead the 32nd. Of the 1000 men being raised for this unit, 300 were to be raised from York County. Also, it was "suggested" that 2/3 of the commissioned officers be veterans who had seen previous service.
From the list of the field and staff, the following were veterans from the 27th Maine:
Col Mark F Wentworth of Kittery
Adjutant Calvin L Hayes of Kittery
Quartermaster John Hall of North Berwick
Sgt-Maj William B Barker of Limerick
Other 27th ME veterans filled the ranks as officers in the 3 York companies:
Capt Seth E Bryant
2nd Lieut William B Pierce (promoted from 1st Sergt)
Sergt's Daniel Watson, William P Carr
Corpls William H Staples, Frank E Lawry (prom to Sgt), Cyrus E Brown, Joseph W Bartlett, Hiram M Grace
Capt Isaac P Fall of South Berwick
1st Lieut Fred S Gurney
2nd Lieut John G Whitten (promoted to 1st Lieut)
1st Sgt Albion L Durgin
Sgts William B Barker (promoted to Sgt-Maj), Adrial Thompson Jr, Nathan Chadbourne (prom from cpl)
Cpls Gardiner L Patterson, James H Smith
Capt Horace H Burbank (prev 1st Lieut of Co A)
Sgts George W Damon, Charles S Hubbard, Charles H Wadleigh, Hiram Hodgdon
Cpls George A Taylor, George Gordon
The regiment, though mustered in to serve for three years, only survived until December of 1864. Participating in numerous battles and engagements, including the Battle of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, the Siege of Petersburg, and the Battle of the Crater (aka Burnside's Mine), their numbers were greatly reduced by death, injury, and sickness. On 12 Dec, the remaining members of the regiment were transferred into the 31st Maine, with any excess officers discharged. The veterans would continue to serve until 15 July 1865, when the 31st Maine was mustered out of service.
The following is an alphabetical list of those men from the 27th Maine who reenlisted with the 32nd Maine:
William B Barker Co S - trans to 31st ME 12/12/64
Joseph W Bartlett Co A - Wounded 6/18/64 Petersburg
William Berry Co H - disab disch 1/3/1865 (died 3/1/65)
James A Bragdon Co K - to 31st ME 12/12/64
Cyrus Brown Co A - wounded 5/18/1864 Spottsylvania; disch 4/10/1865
John W Brown Co F - Killed 6/18/1864 Petersburg
Seth E Bryant Co A - Relieved 11/5/1864 on acct of disab, resigned 11/25
Horace H Burbank Co K - POW 7/30/1864, escaped 3/15/65, disch 5/15
George Buzzell Co K - trans to 31st ME
Nathan Call Co C - trans to 31st ME; disch 06/16/65
William T Carr Co A - must out 12/12/64 when consol w/ 31st ME
Nathan Chadbourne Co F - died as POW @ Salisbury, NC 1/21/1865
George W Clough Co F - trans to 31st ME; POW 5/19/64, rel and returned to regt
George W Damon Co K - POW, exchanged; disch 05/19/65
Thomas Doieg/Doig Co F - trans to 31st ME
Albion L Durgin Co F - trans to 31st ME
Walter Eaton Co A - POW 9/30/64 Pegram Farm; believed to have died in prison
Edwd/Edwin W Eldridge Co K - Died from disease 8/22/64 City Point hospital
George W Emmons Co K - POW 7/30/65 Petersburg, released and ret to regt
Isaac P Fall Co F - POW 6/30/64 Petersburg, released and ret to regt
George Gordon Co K - must out 12/12/64 when consol w/ 31st ME
Hiram M Grace Co A - trans to 31st ME 12/12/64
Fred S Gurney Co F - KIA 6/24/64 Battle of Wilderness
Calvin L Hayes Co S - must out 12/12/64 at consolidation
Hiram Hodgdon Co K - trans to 31st ME
Charles S Hubbard Co K - Died of wounds 7/31/1864
William Kerr Co A - trans to 31st ME
Franklin E Lawry Co A - must out 12/12/64 on consolidation w/ 31st Me
Thaddeus Littlefield Co K - trans to 31st ME
Charles McGuire Co C - Died of wounds 5/20/1864
John Mealy (Maley) Co C - Disch 3/23/1865 (wounded 7/18/64)
Charles H Merrill Co F - must out 12/12/64
Gardiner Patterson Co F - POW 9/30/64; died in prison 1/7/1865
William B Pierce Co A - drowned while escaping prison, 10/2/1864
Wallace Prescott Co F - trans to 31st ME
John W Sanborn Co K - trans to 31st ME; wd 30 Sept '64 Pegram Farm
James H Smith Co F - trans to 31st ME
William H Staples Co A - Wounded 5/12/64 Spottsylvania; disch 04/10/65
Charles E Stevens Co A - 9/30/64, released, rejoin regt; disch 06/20/65
William Stevenson Co H - trans to 31st ME
George A Taylor Co K - trans to 31st ME
Adrial Thompson Co F - must out at consol w/ 31st, 12/12/64
David Thorn Co F - trans to 31st ME
Osborn Trafton Co F - 5/29/1864 died of wounds
Daniel Watson Co A - disch 03/14/65
Mark F Wentworth Co S - resigned due to wounds Oct 64;
John G Whitten Co F - KIA 7/30/1864 Burnsides Mine
Charles H Wadleigh Co K - disch 06/08/65
For more about the 32nd Maine, their history is available online for reading:
Houston, Henry C. The Thirty-second Maine regiment of infantry volunteers; an historical sketch. Portland, Maine: Southworth Press, 1903.